last-in, first-out (LIFO) method


last-in, first-out (LIFO) method
 метод ЛИФО; метод учета товарно-материальных запасов по последней партии (по последним закупкам); метод предполагает, что запасы используются, начиная с последних по времени закупок, следовательно, поступление запасов в производство/продажу оценивается по себестоимости последних закупок, а себестоимость запасов на конец периода определяется исходя из себестоимости первых закупок; в условиях роста цен и увеличения уровня запасов дает относительно заниженную величину прибыли, поэтому в некоторых странах для целей налогообложения запрещен; в отличие от ФИФО обеспечивает увязку текущих расходов и доходов, позволяет сгладить влияние инфляции.

Англо-русский толковый словарь бухгалтерских и финансовых терминов. - Издательство "Академия Естествознания". . 2012.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Last In, First Out - LIFO — An asset management and valuation method that assumes that assets produced or acquired last are the ones that are used, sold or disposed of first. LIFO assumes that an entity sells, uses or disposes of its newest inventory first. If an asset is… …   Investment dictionary

  • Last-In-First-Out (LIFO) — A method of valuing inventory that uses the cost of the most recent item in inventory first. The New York Times Financial Glossary …   Financial and business terms

  • last in, first out — ( LIFO) One of the methods for accounting for business inventory permitted by generally accepted accounting principals ( GAAP). American Banker Glossary ( LIFO) An accounting method that fixes the cost of goods sold to the most recent purchases.… …   Financial and business terms

  • last in first out — (LIFO) A method of selecting employees for redundancy on the basis of their length of service, with those who have the least service being chosen first. Practical Law Dictionary. Glossary of UK, US and international legal terms.… …   Law dictionary

  • last-in, first-out — last′ in′, first′ out′ n. 1) bus a method of handling inventory costs at the price of the earliest items, assuming that items purchased last will be sold first Abbr.: LIFO Compare first in, first out 1) 2) cmp LIFO • Etymology: 1935–40 …   From formal English to slang

  • last-in,first-out — last in, first out (lăstʹĭnʹ fûrstʹoutʹ) n. A method of inventory accounting in which the most recently acquired items are assumed to have been the first sold. In a period of rising prices, this method yields a lower ending inventory, a higher… …   Universalium

  • last-in, first-out — n. A method of inventory that assumes that the goods most recently bought are the first ones to be sold, and that goods still in inventory at the end of the year are the ones bought long ago. See also first in, first out abbrv. LIFO The Essential …   Law dictionary

  • last-in-first-out cost — LIFO cost A method of valuing units of raw material or finished goods issued from stock by using the latest unit value for pricing the issues until all the quantity of stock received at that price is used up. The next earliest price is then used… …   Accounting dictionary

  • last-in-first-out cost — LIFO cost A method of valuing units of raw material or finished goods issued from stock by using the latest unit value for pricing the issues until all the quantity of stock received at that price is used up. The next earliest price is then used… …   Big dictionary of business and management

  • last-in, first-out — (LIFO) A method of accounting which assumes that the most recent purchases are sold first. In times of inflation, the LIFO method results in a lower net income figure and lower inventory valuation than the FIFO method. This is due to the current… …   Black's law dictionary

  • last-in, first-out — (LIFO) A method of accounting which assumes that the most recent purchases are sold first. In times of inflation, the LIFO method results in a lower net income figure and lower inventory valuation than the FIFO method. This is due to the current… …   Black's law dictionary